Dog Tags and Medals for Sale in a Vietnamese Market

A black and white image of dog tags for sale at an outdoor market in Hue, Vietnam. They supposedly date to the Vietnam War.

“All wars are civil wars, because all men are brothers.”

François Fénelon

On a bustling road leading to Hué’s once-grand Imperial City are sidewalk plots where vendors sell antique blue and white china, happy Buddha statues, and items reminding passersby of tragic chapters in Vietnam’s history. The items are harmoniously intermingled: North Vietnamese battle awards, French and American insignia, and dog tags purported to be from South Vietnamese and American soldiers.

dog tags for sale, hanging on railing

canteens, war medals and dog tags for sale on Vietnamese sidewalk
dog tags, cigarette lighter for sale at market, laying on blanket

As we passed the makeshift market, I asked the vendor – a Vietnamese man sporting an army green outfit, hat, and long beard – where he acquired the items.

“We use metal detector in the jungles,” he said, while cradling a colorful collection of North Vietnamese awards in the palm of his hand.

man holds war medals in hand, in Hue, Vietnam

“This for a big battle here in Hué in 1968 in Tet [the Chinese New Year]. All soldier get this,” he said, while pointing out a metal pin-like object. It bore the colorful silhouette of a North Vietnamese soldier, crouched on the ground below the same red and gold flag that is so ubiquitous on Vietnamese streets today.

“That 100,000 dong ($5 USD),” he said. “But this Ho Chi Minh medal 200,000 dong,” he remarked, pointing to a faded and slowly rusting memento.

“And these French cross from French Indochina War,” he added.

war medals for sale, laying on blanket in Vietnam
canteens, war medals and dog tags for sale on Vietnam sidewalk

Under a row of oil paintings with horse, still life and landscape subjects, canteens and dishes for mealtime collected the occasional rain droplet. Some outer rusted shells showed their age and the weather they’ve had to endure in the decades since the Vietnam / “American” War. A rusted, unused grenade sat beside a figurine of a black cat, only separated by a pair of military goggles.

rusty grenade and cigarette lighters for sale on Vietnamese sidewalk
A grenade, military goggles, cat figurine, and lighters.

As I photographed the items for sale and strolled along the sidewalk, I pondered how the dog tags came to have been left in the jungle.

Did the soldiers die? Would their loved ones back in the United States wish to have them now? Were they even authentic?

I thought it ironic that items representing previously warring factions could now be co-mingled in such a peaceful mélange: Buddhist icons and French crosses from the French Indochina War, American Airborne crests and North Vietnamese battle medals and American Zippo lighters.

Perhaps this modern market’s mélange of mementoes was symbolic of Vietnam today – a North and South united and the Vietnamese treating us with kindness even when they learn that we are American.

war medals for sale on Vietnamese sidewalk in Hue

We did not purchase any items. As we left the vicinity of the citadel market to return to our hotel on the other side of the Perfume River, I had a difficult time erasing the memory of the dog tags dangling on the crackling celadon-green colored railing.

When I returned to our hotel, I began researching the status of these items, to try to ascertain if they were legitimate. One article detailed the findings of an American forensic anthropologist who concluded that many of such items for sale in Vietnam were authentic. He concluded that the dog tags might have belonged to a service member who simply lost them, was killed in action or received medical treatment.

According to a post on the American Chamber of Commerce in Vietnam website, many of the dog tags for sale are genuine.

There are several organizations in the United States today that are working to reunite the dog tags that are sometimes found in Vietnamese markets, with former soldiers or remaining family members.

cigarette lighters for sale on Vietnamese sidewalk
dog tags for sale on Vietnamese sidewalk
Dog tags, scattered on a piece of fabric.
Airborne insignia / war medals and dog tags for sale on Vietnamese sidewalk
Airborne insignia.
war medals and dog tags for sale on Vietnamese sidewalk
war medals and dog tags for sale on Vietnamese sidewalk
Dog Tags and Antique Items for Sale in Hue, Vietnam
Dog tags hang on a railing at an outdoor market in the Vietnamese city of Hué.
canteens, war medals and dog tags for sale on Vietnamese sidewalk

Where in the World?

Photography & text © Tricia A. Mitchell. All Rights Reserved.

Published by Tricia A. Mitchell

Tricia A. Mitchell is a freelance writer and photographer. Born in Europe but raised in the United States, she has lived in Valletta, Malta; Heidelberg, Germany; and Split, Croatia. An avid globetrotter who has visited more than 65 countries, she has a penchant for off-season travel. Tricia has learned that travel’s greatest gift is not sightseeing, rather it is the interactions with people. Some of her most memorable experiences have been sharing a bottle of champagne with distant French cousins in Lorraine, learning how to milk goats in a sleepy Bulgarian village, and ringing in the Vietnamese New Year with a Hanoi family. She welcomes any opportunity to practice French and German, and she loves delving into a place’s history and artisanal food scene. A former education administrator and training specialist, Tricia has a bachelor’s degree in elementary education and a master’s degree in international relations. She and her husband, Shawn, married in the ruins of a snowy German castle. They’ve been known to escape winter by basing themselves in coastal Croatia or Southeast Asia. Her writing has appeared in Fodor’s Travel, Frommer’s, and International Living.

13 thoughts on “Dog Tags and Medals for Sale in a Vietnamese Market

  1. Amazing. Can’t help but think of the owners of those items and how they lost these things and most probably their lives. Thanks for another fantastic post, Tricia.

    1. Jessie, it is haunting, isn’t it? After this particular day, we watched the film Full Metal Jacket back at our hotel. It was really hard to watch, but it illustrated the horrors that went on for all involved parties. A trip to this part of the world makes such a strong case against war.

  2. It’s sad to think the tags may have belonged to soldiers who died but I can’t help thinking how sad it is that people have to make a living by selling them. The Vietnam war is the one,in my mind that was one of the most brutal on the local population with so many unnecessary deaths – not to mention the high number of birth defects after the war because of the use of chemicals. Good blog, it makes you stop and think.

    1. Hello, Jane. I’m glad to see that this was a meaningful post for you and thank you for sharing your thoughts. Indeed, being in Vietnam was at times difficult for us personally because we are American. It was hard to see first-hand how people were impacted by American policies of past decades. In Ho Chi Minh in particular, we saw a fairly large number of amputees as well as people who were victims of Agent Orange (or perhaps they just had birth defects that could’ve been prevented had their mothers had access to appropriate medical care).

      Surprisingly, no one was unkind to us when they learned that we were American. I’ve now been well-received during two visits to Vietnam — first during a 2009 trip to Hanoi (in northern Vietnam) and most recently for the past three weeks (primarily in central and southern Vietnam).

  3. ha-ha! i had to laugh when i saw your photo-blog on dogtags & etc for sale by a HUE street vendor by the Perfume River. i wish you had included a photo of the vendor himself…..but i recognized him by his untrimmed grown-out fingernails (an asian affectation of one who does not do manual labor) as Crazy LOP. i followed you there by few months (JULY) and by the time i met LOP, he no longer had a ‘flowing beard’. It is possible it could have been his father….since (the father) ran the sidewalk concession few yards away….and even further down was another spot operated by his sister-in-law. LOP, along with his relatives, has been hustling that same sidewalk concession for 19 years (hence his fluency in english). Yes, Dr. Robert Mann (JPAC-CIL forensic anthropologist) was correct….the majority of the ID tags are legit. The only fakes LOP had were some reproduction blank dogtags. He did have several ‘unfinished’ tags…and or typo tags that were probably jettisoned in a trash pit (and later scavenged). Thank you for not buying any of them. You left me two rare KIT CARSON SCOUT tags, the only viet tags i bought from him as I left plenty of ARVN tags behind. I bought over 150 USMC & US ARMY ID tags from LOP and his sister-in-law in 3-4 different ‘buys’, the USMC BRINKLEY tag depicted in your first image being one of them. LOP was asking an outrageous $10 (USD) per tag…and trust me, i had to hammer him hard to get the first 100 tags at $5 (USD) each. I later bought several more (after plying him with beers) at $4 (USD) each and by the time I left HUE, he was begging me to buy his remaining tags at $3 (USD) per with the condition (LOP ever the street hustler) that i had to get a minimum of 20 tags (which i regrettably did not have time to do). Good old LOP initially thought i was his gravy train as he told me of a Vietnam Veteran two years ago, who bought 100 of his tags at $8 USD each. I quickly dispelled that notion (i.e., not his manna from heaven) by showing him JPEG images on my digital camera of $3 tag buys at the DAN SINH MARKET (SAIGON) and what really squashed his hopes, pics of a local metal detector (one of his sources) with the mounds of tags i bought (cheap!). Yes, i also fondled the same black cat figurine (in one of your pics) but fortunately missed the ‘unused’ rusted grenade (hopefully tossed in the perfume river) as unexploded ordnance can be quite dicey.
    The souvenir trinket shops across the Perfume River on Le Loi Street were also asking $10 each on their tags, but did not have very many for sale and i was able to skim-off the better ones for $5-$6 each. Only a very few of these HUE tags were verified KIA via research on the ‘virtual Wall’. BTW-i like your pensive musings on the War and resulting artifacts but watching FULL METAL JACKET in your hotel room will not give you an understanding what happened in HUE during TET 1968. The movie is Hollywood and better yet, Kubrick filmed it in London at a housing project that was being razed. If you’re that interested, do yourself a favor and read FIRE IN THE STREETS (Eric Hammel) and or BATTLE FOR HUE (keith nolan). Thanks for the memories.

    1. Hello Tamba, and thank you for sharing your experience about your visit to Hué! What a small world it is; it’s funny that you recognized the scene and vendor (at least his hand) immediately.

      I was really interested to learn more background information about the vendor, his family and all the artifacts. We enjoyed our time in Hué – particularly the Imperial City and imperial tombs. Since my husband and I are both history buffs, I also appreciated your recommendations to read Fire in the Streets and Battle for Hué. I’m curious – are the artifacts you purchased for your personal collection, or a museum?

      1. trish
        much like Dr. Rob’t Mann (whom i’ve been in contact with via e-mail) i was more or less the point-man for certain dog tag collectors here in the US, doing investigative research on the tags and tag market in VN. Most of my tag ‘buys’ were conducted in Saigon, Hue and Danang. i did discover certain tag ‘migration’ meaning USMC & SSDC tags which most certainly are indigenous to the I CORPS DMZ areas were found (and bought) in Saigon City. A few of the locals (sellers, collectors and etc) have told me, it (migration) occurs because of the heavier tourist traffic and trade in Saigon. Hence logically batches of tags found in the DMZ area would perhaps find their way south. i have not of yet discovered if the reverse is true (I suppose not since most of the heavy fighting was done in Central VN esp I & II CORPS areas lending to a higher plethora of locally ‘discovered’ tags). i have not finished fully researching the over 1,000 tags i brought back from the NAM so cannot make any definite conclusions other than what i related in my initial comments/reactions to your HUE blog. However, much like Dr. Mann, I could not locate a Vietnam war vintage surplus US ADDRESSOGRAPH stamping machine in-country….so it would be safe to say the quality reproductions have not fortunately made an appearance. To answer your Q, the tags were purchased mainly for a quantitative research study (outside of a museum) of US tags found in present day VN.

  4. Latest price for the tags is VND400,000 each, which equates to about $US20.00 each,as they are becoming scarcer at the markets. I bought 14 for VND 3,100,000 (about $US 136.00) as a bulk buy,and am now trying to find owners/families. Not much luck so far, but here’s hoping. I can then focus on the 19 US GI Helmets from WWII,that I found in Papua New Guinea, and try to track down those owners/families, if this succeeds.
    Cheers, Rick Brittain (currently in Ho Chi Minh City, but based at work in Gusap, PNG)

    1. Hello Rick, just wondering would you have any update or leads on tracking down former veterans, I have a dog tag which I believe to be authentic I bought in da nang, The veteran in question is not listed on the veterans memorial wall in washington so I am hoping he may still be with us. I would like to return it to its rightful owner. Any guidance would be much appreciated. I am based in Ireland.

  5. I recently visited Saigon myself and managed to buy 14 Dog Tags from various vendors there. They each cost about $US4.50, so I considered it a bit of a bargain. Now I am back at work/home, here in PNG, I am finding it difficult to track down original owners and/or families in the hopes of reuniting them with these tags. I have managed to track down two very happy people that I have since sent some tags to, but now I would like to contact one of those groups mentioned here previously. Can someone point me in the right direction with a link to these groups that help track down owners of missing dog-tags….? Hopefully then I can reunite the owners/families with the remaining tags I have here. All free of charge, and I just want to see these items returned to their rightful homes. Cheers, Rick Brittain, PNG

    1. Hello Rick, belated thanks for your comment! I apologize for my delayed reply, but your response had gotten lost in my spam comments. It’s interesting to read that you’re trying to track the owners and/or families who are connected to these dog tags. When we were in Vietnam, we wondered if the dog tags were authentic. Your experience of having successfully reunited them with two people seems to indicate that many of them likely are.

      As for organizations to get in touch with, I wish I could point you in the right direction. I now see that the website I referenced in this post back in 2012, is no longer active.

      Do you know if these are legitimate websites/projects? Perhaps you’ve already reached out to them?

      I wish you continued success with your venture! It’s a thoughtful gesture.

      1. Thanks for the heads up with those sites Tricia. I hadn’t heard of them but I will certainly give them some time now, in the hopes it might help me get these tags home where they belong.
        I’ve managed to track down 4 owners/families of the owners etc. and sent them off. They haven’t received them yet, but I’m hoping they will let me know when that happens. Postal services from this part of the world are a bit “iff-ey” at best, and I would hate to think that some opportunist might have grabbed them from the post. Time will tell. Anyway, thanks again for the heads-up, and hopefully I can track down some of the other owners of the remaining 10 tags I have here. Cheers, Rick

      2. Rick, I’m happy to pass them along. It would be interesting to hear how you track down the owners and families. Do you hunt for leads via a Google search? Or, sometimes use social media? It’s noble detective work, either way!

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